What is The Difference Between Physical and Psychological Dependence

Sep 2, 2022

The physical and mental aspects of any substance disorder are complicated and unique to the individual suffering. The differences between physical and psychological dependency vary but have some similarities. It helps to know what to look for as a means of helping a loved one cope with the challenges. Physical dependence happens when your body starts to rely on a substance to function.

what is physiological dependence

Discover commonly misused drugs, symptoms of misuse, where to seek help, and more. For some folks dealing with both a physical and physiological dependence on alcohol psychological dependence, the psychological side of things sometimes resolves on its own once the physical dependence is treated.

Physiological Dependence

The origin of CBT is that a professor and psychologist realized that subconscious thoughts could deeply affect mental health. For instance, every person has “automatic” thoughts that arise in response to a situation. Often, people are unaware of these thoughts even though they can result in a mental illness. There is a bit of an overlap when it comes to physical vs psychological dependence.

Which of the following is an example of psychological dependence on alcohol?

Examples of being psychologically dependent on alcohol

You find it hard to socialise or enjoy yourself without alcohol. You use alcohol to avoid being upset by negative feelings. You use alcohol to cope with depression, anxiety or other mental health problems.

Psychologically addictive drugs include stimulant drugs such as Ritalin, methamphetamines, amphetamines, cocaine, and hallucinogens such as LSD. In addition, mood-changing drugs such as marijuana and prescription drugs for pain and antidepressants can be psychologically addictive. People who have psychological drug dependence will have a change in behavior when they withdraw from the substance. They may become irritable and angry when made to stop taking the drug. They will look for ways to get the drug despite the consequences of the negative impact. Talking and expressing oneself is a great way to help ease pain both physically and psychologically.

Prompts About Psychological Dependence:

As a result, painful withdrawal symptoms set in, causing most people to reach for the drug to make the pain go away. Another way to distinguish between physical vs psychological dependence is that psychological dependence doesn’t cause symptoms when a drug is absent from the body. Instead, psychological dependence can be thought of as a mental compulsion to use a substance. Although doctors do not generally consider antidepressants to be addictive, they note that some individuals may develop physical dependence on them. If the person abruptly stops the antidepressant they are taking, it could cause withdrawal symptoms. People may be able to divide the symptoms of physical dependence into either acute withdrawal syndrome or post-acute withdrawal syndrome . Dependence refers to the physical symptoms of withdrawal and tolerance, while SUD refers to long-term behavioral, social, and physical changes.

  • Substance abuse treatment programs usually include psychiatric care.
  • So, as we delve deeper into the mechanics of addiction, keep in mind that there are new treatments which will guide you through these stages and forward into full recovery.
  • Psychological dependence can occur for a variety of reasons.
  • In actuality, addiction is both physical and psychological.
  • Find out how long it lasts, what can help you feel better, and when it’s time to seek professional care.

Researchers and treatment professionals have many theories on the precise process that causes addiction, with a varying focus on the body or brain sides of treatment. Sober living communities incorporate the most effective techniques drawn from these new ways of thinking about the disease. When sobriety is achieved and maintained, the chemical balance in the body and brain will return to normal, and the individual’s true personality and vitality will be recovered. Substance use disorder involves psychological aspects and changes to the body’s processes. Your brain will respond differently to regular stimuli due to its altered state. Your brain and body don’t like not having caffeine in them, so they turn up the pain.

Psychological Dependence and Physical Dependence

Addiction may not be “cured,” but it is effectively managed with an individualized treatment program. Restoring control, confidence, and self-worth start by taking meaningful action toward those goals. When consumed, alcohol is metabolized by a liver enzyme and eliminated through the urine.

  • Understanding both physical and psychological addiction, how they work and how they go hand-in-hand is important for treatment.
  • The change is due to neurotransmitters sending higher levels of certain chemicals.
  • Lastly, seizures are the result of connections between nerve cells in the brain being blocked.
  • While you know that it doesn’t, your body insists that it must have the substance to live.
  • For example, alcohol withdrawal symptoms can include delirium tremens that put you at risk for heart attack and death.
  • The addiction impacts the whole person, so the person needs healing in all aspects.
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